Environmental pollution refers to the introduction of harmful pollutants into the environment. These pollutants contaminates the environment. It has a hazardous effect on the natural world and on the activities of living beings.
The major types of environmental pollution are air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, thermal pollution, soil pollution and light pollution.
Deforestation and hazardous gaseous emissions also leads to environmental pollution. During the last 10 years, the world has witnessed severe rise in environmental pollution.
We all live on planet earth, which is the only planet known to have an environment, where air and water are two basic things that sustain life. Without air and water the earth would be like the other planets – no man, no animals, no plants. The biosphere in which living beings have their sustenance has oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, argon and water vapor. All these are well balanced to ensure and help a healthy growth of life in the animal world. This balance does not only help the life-cycles of animals and plants, but it also creates the perennial sources of minerals and energies without which the human civilization of to-day could not be built. It is for this balance that the human life and other forms of existence have flourished on earth for so many thousands of years.
Also read: Short paragraph on Pollution
But man, as the most intelligent animal, never stopped being inquisitive, nor was he content with the bounties of nature. His quest for knowledge and search for security succeeded in exploring newer and wider avenues of mysteries that remained baffling so long. Man’s excursions into the darkest regions of mysteries laid foundations for the stupendous civilization, for the conquests of men had ensured their domination in their world and gave them a key to control all the forces in nature.
With the dawn of the age of science and technology, there has been huge growth and development of human potentials. And, it is here that man first began losing control and became prisoner of his own creations.
Also read: Pollution: Different Types of Pollution
Sources and Causes
The sources and causes of environmental pollution includes the following:
- Industrial activities: The industries all over the world that brought prosperity and affluence, made inroads in the biosphere and disturbed the ecological balances. The pall of smoke, the swirling gases, industrial effluents and the fall-out of scientific experiments became constant health hazards, polluting and contaminating both air and water. The improper disposal of industrial wastes are the sources of soil and water pollution. Chemical waste resulting from industry can pollute lakes, rivers and seas and soil too as well as releasing fumes.
- Dumping solid waste: Household and commercial waste pollutes the environment when not disposed of properly.
- Vehicles: The smoke emitted by vehicles using petrol and diesel and the cooking coal also pollutes the environment. The multiplication of vehicles, emitting black smoke that, being free and unfettered, spreads out and mixes with the air we breathe. The harmful smoke of these vehicles causes air pollution. Further, the sounds produced by these vehicles produces causes noise-pollution.
- Rapid urbanization and industrialization: The urbanization and the rapid growth of industrialization are causing through environmental pollution the greatest harm to the plant life, which in turn causing harm to the animal kingdom and the human lives.
- Population overgrowth: Due to the increase in population, particularly in developing countries, there has been surge in demand for basic food, occupation and shelter. The world has witnessed massive deforestation to expand absorb the growing population and their demands.
- Combustion of fossil fuels: The combustion of fossil fuels pollutes the air, the soil and the water with noxious gases such as CO2 and CO.
- Agricultural waste: Fertilizers and pesticides used in agriculture are key causes of environmental pollution.
Also read: Sources of Water, Air and Soil Pollution
Environmental Pollution can have devastating effects on sea life, on crops and on human health. It affects all plant, human and animal life in a negative way. Almost all of our gains in the fields of industrial progress, science and technology had so far been realized at the cost of our health. Even our flora and fauna were found to be threatened with extinction.
All this really leaves us wondering if all our achievements and industrial civilization really help us climb the peaks of prosperity or simply take us down the blind alleys of adversity. It is not only in India, but all over the world – even in Europe and U.S.A. – that the question is being raised whether all is well with our industrial growth and progress in the field of science and technology. Many crusaders against environmental pollution are vehemently protesting against the indiscriminate violations committed daily in the name of development.
The environmental pollution is not caused by the fall-out from nuclear tests or industries alone. The smoke left behind the automobiles and other vehicular traffic, the increasing use of synthetic detergents, nitrogen fertilizers and insecticides contaminate both air and water.
- The water we drink the vegetables are all contaminated to-day. As a result of this contamination our world is afflicted with a quite a number of incurable diseases.
- Environmental pollution affects water sources which mean that there is less fresh water available for drinking, washing, cooking and irrigating crops.
- Nothing in this world is immune, no life is safe and the future of this world is bleak.
- The factories are mostly built in populated areas and the smoke-emitting vehicles ply through the congested areas. Besides causing immense disturbances, there are increasing case of pulmonary tuberculosis and thrombosis and various sorts of brain and heart complications.
- Air-pollution may cause severe lungs-diseases, asthma, brain-disorder diseases, etc.
- Soil-pollution may have negative effect on farm output ratio. It can also contaminate the ground water.
- Noise-pollution have negative effects on hearing or auditory sense organs. It can also cause deafness, tiredness, and mental losses.
- The heat generated by industries and vehicles causes thermal pollution by raising the environmental temperature of the nearby areas.
- Many scientists believe that we are living in an era of mass extinction, due to human made environmental pollution.
The birth of mills and factories is the result of the growth of industry in this machine-predominated age. As long as they will be there, they must emit smoke, pollute the air and hasten our end by slow-poisoning.
The worst industrial environment tragedy occurred at Bhopal on December 3, 1984 as a result of toxic and poisonous leakage of methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas from a multi-national Union Carbide pesticides manufacturing plant. Over 2000 people including woman and children were killed, and hundreds were severely hurt.
What then is the remedy? A lot of pollution derives from human activity. As a result, it is we humans who will be able to stop pollution. But, there surely cannot be any radical solution, for the existing factories cannot be bodily lifted to a place far from the populated zone. However, the following attempts can be made to solve the problem of environmental pollution.
- The Government can at least see that future factories are set up at a distant place, an industrial complex far away from the township.
- Researcher may find out how to avoid harmful smoke from running vehicles.
- Deforestation should be stopped and Forestry should be developed.
- Discharge of Factory wastes in rivers should be banned so as to make the river-water free from pollution.
- Recycle the sewage or in all events it can be disposed of in such a way as to prevent it from polluting the environment.
- Reducing the amount that we buy, reusing and repairing items wherever possible, and recycling as much as we can will all help to reduce the amount of waste dumped in the environment. When we do need to throw away waste we should do so responsibly.
- Organic farming could be one solution for reducing environmental pollution levels.
- Using fewer plastics.
- Disposing of litter and chemicals responsibly.
- Burning fewer fossil fuels.
- The UN Conference on Human Environment was convened to study the profound changes in the relationship between man and his environment in the wake of modern scientific and technological developments.
- The World Health Organization also set up an international network for the monitoring and study of air pollution on a global scale and for devising possible remedies.
We can very well notice the abnormal behaviour of the seasons – the cycle developing clogs in its wheels; and the worried experts fear that the disturbed balance in the biosphere has assumed such serious proportion that very soon our world would be uninhabitable like Hiroshima of 1945. But it is heartening to find the entire world aware of the menace. Some of the advanced countries have already taken some measures to meet it. If we fail to restore the ecological balance right now, it would be too late tomorrow.
Updated with input article from ‘Laura’.
Category: Blog, EnvironmentTagged With: Environment, Pollution
Pollution refers to the mixing of contaminants or pollutants (either foreign substances or naturally occurring contaminants) into the natural resources and environment which causes various adverse changes and affects lives on the earth.
Essay on Pollution
Pollution in India is a big environmental issue which everyone must be aware of. Our kids and school going children of Class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 usually get topic of pollution to write essay or recite speech on this. Parents should know about the types, causes and prevention measures of the pollution in order to help their kids. We have provided below some essay on pollution to help you and your kids. You can select any pollution essay according to the need and requirement:
Air Pollution | Water Pollution | Soil Pollution | Noise Pollution
Pollution Essay 1 (100 words)
Pollution is the contamination of the natural environment which exists around us and helps in normal living. Any type of pollution in our natural surroundings and ecosystem causes insecurity, health disorders and discomfort in normal living. It disorganizes the natural systems and thus disturbs the nature’s balance.
The pollutants or elements of pollution are foreign substances or waste materials created by the human beings and pollute the natural resources like air, water or soil etc. The chemical nature, concentration and long persistence of the pollutants continually disturbs the ecosystem for years. The pollutants can be poisonous gases, pesticides, herbicides, fungicides, noise, organic compounds and radioactive materials.
Pollution Essay 2 (100 words)
As we all know that our environment is very necessary for our healthy existence on the earth. A healthy environment depends on the good habits of human beings and the circumstances we create. Human, animal, plants, earth and environment are indirectly connected to each other and necessary for the existence of healthy life here.
However, by any means if our environment gets affected negatively, creates lots of problems and many challenges in living a simple and healthy life. Our environment acts as a natural world for us and provides a protection to us from the natural calamities. However, it becomes helpless in protecting us if we disturbs its natural cycle and force it to harm us.
Pollution Essay 3 (150 words)
Pollution is the mixing of some harmful or poisonous materials into the natural resources available on the earth. It affects the ordinary living of the living things on this planet by disturbing the natural life cycle. Pollution can be of many types like noise pollution, air pollution, soil pollution, water pollution, etc. Air pollution is increasing day by day because of the growing number of automobiles, release of poisonous gases, smoke from industrial companies, finely dissolved solids, liquid aerosols, etc in the atmosphere. The air we breathe every moment causes several lungs disorders.
In this way soil and water pollution is also cause by the mixing up of the sewage water (having germs, viruses, harmful chemicals, etc) in drinking water, some dangerous agrochemicals such as pesticides, fungicides, herbicides, organic compounds like ether, benzene, some radioactive materials including radium and thorium, solid wastes (industrial ashes, rubbish, garbage), etc. We need to follow all the control measures implemented by the government to check its harmful effects.
Pollution Essay 4 (150 words)
Environmental pollution is the condition when the natural cycle of our environment gets disturbed and harms us. Some harmful environmental contaminants created by us in the form of smoke, solid or liquid wastes get intermingled into the environment and pollute it. It is only human who can check the environmental pollution by limiting their bad activities. Each and every person here is responsible for the environmental pollution in indirect way. Unknowingly we all are creating problems and challenges to the environment.
Some bad chemical compositions which we use on daily basis get intermingled into the environment and disturb its natural functioning and natural processes which directly affect our health. Human beings are considered as the most intelligent living being on the earth however it never means that they should interfere with the nature’s law of ecological balance. Our environment and we, both are incomplete without the helps of each other. We should try our best to maintain the healthy environment in order to continue the natural processes easily.
Pollution Essay 5 (200 words)
Pollution has become a major environmental issue as it has created lots of health hazards to the people and animals of any age group. In the recent years the rate of pollution is increasing very sharply because of the industrialized waste material mixing out directly into the soil, air and water. However, in our country full attention is not getting paid to control it. It needs to be tackle seriously otherwise our future generations would suffer a lot.
Pollution is classified into many categories according to the natural resources getting affected such as air pollution, soil pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, etc. Rate of pollution is increasing due to the selfishness of the human being to earn more money and to fulfill some unnecessary wishes. In the modern era where technological advancement is given more priority by the people, everyone has forgotten the real discipline of life.
Continuous and unnecessary cutting down of the forests, urbanization and large production through industrialization has involved as a huge causes of the pollution. Harmful and poisonous wastes created from such activities causes irreversible changes to the soil, air and water which ultimately push lives towards pain. This big social issue needs a public level social awareness programme to destroy by its root to get complete relief.
Pollution Essay 6 (200 words)
Environmental pollution is the biggest problem in the modern time we are facing. It affects us in all aspects such as socially, economically, physically, mentally and intellectually. Contamination of the natural environment gives birth to the lots of diseases which make human beings weak mentally and physically. Many of us are not well aware of the pollution even they do not know how they are creating problems to the environment and polluting it. This problem is becoming worse day by day because of the new technologies growth and development. Many new companies are opening in the industry and do more to grow their business in the competitive field.
Environmental pollution is not the problem only one country however it is the issue of whole world, so it needs effort by all of us together to correct it. If it is not taken under control, it may affect the whole universe to a great extent in the future. Environmental pollution is getting big by increasing level of pollution of water, air, sound and land. Increasing in the number of vehicles on the roads causes air pollution, increasing in the number of factories causes water pollution and land pollution. So, it needs limitation over all the causes of the environmental pollution.
Pollution Essay 7 (250 words)
The meaning of word pollution means to make things dirty. Accordingly the pollution of natural resources causes imbalance in the ecosystem. Currently we have been fatally surrounded by the major issue of environmental pollution. Pollution is the addition of any foreign or poisonous substances into the environment at very fast rate than the environment natural accommodation. The main causes of this social devil are the industrialization, deforestation and urbanization, the by-products of which causes contamination to the natural resources used by the living things on the earth as a routine of normal life.
Air pollution, water pollution and soil pollution are the most dangerous forms of pollution causing direct heath disorders to the human beings. We have no safe water to drink, pure air to inhale and pollution free land to crop. This widely spreading pollution need to be taken under control for the healthy survival of life on the planet in future. Different types of pollutants which are disturbing our natural ecosystem are gases (NO, SO2, CO2, CO, NO2), halogens (iodine, chlorine, bromine), deposited matters (dust, smog, grit), agrochemicals (insecticide, pesticides, herbicides), noise, photochemical oxidants (photochemical smog, peroxyacetyl nitrate, ozone, nitrogen oxides), organic compounds from industries (acetic acid, benzene, ether), radioactive materials (radium, thorium), some solid wastes (ash, garbage), etc.
Pollution is the big side effect of the industrialized societies of the modern world where industrial development and green house effect have adversely affected the ecosystem. Life supporting systems are speedily getting converted into the life destroying system because of the industrialization. Human greediness and misuse of freeness of doing anything lead them towards serious degradation and mismanagement of resources.
Pollution Essay 8 (250 words)
Earth is considered as the only planet suitable for the life existence in the whole universe. It gives us everything like air, water, land, plants, and sky for the healthy survival of the life. We cannot live here in the absence of all the basic components of life. In any case if the serious pollution problems occur, it causes hazardous to the life. Increasing number of vehicles on the roads and increasing demands of the usage of the petrol and diesel increases the risk of air pollution as petrol and diesel spread heavy amount of poisonous gases in the environment such as carbon monoxide, sulphur-dioxide, hydrocarbons, and many more gases are polluting the air. Now-a-days, a major threat to the life is due to the development of nuclear sciences.
The polluted air we breathe goes to our whole body and affect all the systems especially respiratory functions. It becomes the reason of origin of many diseases like cancer, respiratory problems, lungs disorders, bronchitis, asthma and many more. The increasing competitions of the nuclear experiments all over the world are creating the big threat of atmospheric balance destruction as this process releases lots of harmful chemicals, poisonous gases, and dust into the air which falls back again to the earth through acid rains and harms the growth of crops and life. This acid rain causes various harmful diseases to the human fraternity worldwide. Water pollution is increasing because of the direct drainage of industrial liquid wastes into the water of ocean, lakes, rivers, ponds and other water bodies. This water is used by the farmers in growing crops which we eat and disturb our physiological functioning.
Pollution Essay 9 (300 words)
Pollution has become the most serious issue as everyone is facing lots of health hazards in their daily life. Various types of pollutants from the industrial garbage and other activities are contaminating our natural resources like air, water, soil, etc. After being mixing into the soil, air and water, they are directly affecting the human being and animal body system and causing variety of lethal ailments to health. Noise pollution is affecting the listening system in the body as well as causing disturbance to the memory.
The rate of pollution in the cities is higher than the villages because of the vehicles transportation. Fumes arise from the running vehicles, factories and other industries are affecting the clean air of cities which is not fit for the breathing. Soiled water from the big sewage system, other garbage from the households, by-products from the factories and industries are directly mixing to the rivers, lake and oceans. Most of the solid wastes, garbage and other unused things are thrown away by the people on the land which cause soil pollution and affect the crop production. Most of the people in the cities spread noise pollution to a great extent during their birthday, marriage or other occasions just for their short time happiness. All the roads in the cities become full of traffic all through the day because of the increasing number of vehicles which are the reason of both air pollution and noise pollution.
Ultimately all the man made technological advancement is the big reason of all types of pollution on the earth. So, no one other than human, who is digging a pit of pollution worldwide and creating a serious problem for the living things on the earth. The quality of life is worsening day by day as pollution acts as a devil which causes various health ailments like high blood pressure, kidney disorders, respiratory disease, cancer, epidemics, skin diseases, etc.
Pollution Essay 10 (300 words)
Environmental pollution is the big issue now for the whole human fraternity on this planet today. We are continuously adding impurities to the environment unknowingly through our bad and careless activities. Environmental pollution affects the natural processes and living of human being. When we play with the natural cycles of the environment which consists of air, earth, water, land, plants and animals, it creates big challenges to us and makes healthy life almost impossible. It hampers the existence of both human and nature together as both are the completeness to each other.
The biggest issue to the environmental problem is the removal of forests and urbanization on that place because of the increasing pollution. Decreasing number of the plants day by day increasing the amount of carbon dioxide gas in the environment as plants are the main sources of the carbon dioxide gas utilization. Thus the increasing level of this gas in the environment causes global warming (increased climate temperature due to emissions of greenhouse gases) which in turn causes lots of problems and brings environmental and social changes in direct and indirect ways. The warming effect on the climate causes glaciers to melt, seasonal problems, decreasing agricultural productivity and many more.
Continuous warming of the earth may cause earth a day as a boiling pan and desert whole earth would be covered with ocean water means permanent destruction to the mankind. For our good health we need fresh and pure air to inhale, unpolluted food to eat, no noise pollution and unpolluted water to drink however all are not possible now. That’s why everyone of us are wasting more money into the medicines by making round and round of the hospitals instead of spending money to good health activities like eating fruits, joining health club, etc. So, the environmental issue need to be solved on urgent basis by the effort of all of us.
Pollution Essay 11 (400 words)
In the modern world of technological advancement, pollution has become a serious environmental issue affecting the lives on earth. Some of the most important types of the pollution are air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution and noise pollution. All types of the pollution are undoubtedly affecting the whole environment and ecosystem thus the quality of life. Our naturally beautiful environment on the earth is deteriorating day by day just by the foolish habits of the human beings.
The main reasons of the air pollution are the heavy emissions of harmful and poisonous gases arise from the increasing number of vehicles, factories and open burning. In the crowd of betterment of life, everyone wants to have well resources for their easy daily routine but they do not think a little bit about their natural surroundings. Most of the air pollution is carried out by the public transportation on daily basis. Carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide are the toxic gases polluting the air and reducing the oxygen level in the environment.
Manufacturing factories are also the great contributor to the air pollution by meeting the growing demand of people. During the manufacturing process factories releases some toxic gases, heat and energy into the environment. Some other habits like open burning of household garbage, etc are also worsening the air quality. Air pollution causes respiratory disorders including lung cancer among human being and animals.
Water pollution is also a big issue directly affecting the marine life as they only depend on the nutrients found in the water for their survival. Gradual disappearance of the marine life would really affect the livelihood of human beings and animals. The reason of the water contamination is harmful wastes from factories, industries, sewage systems, farms, etc which are directly dumping into the main source of water like rivers, lakes and oceans. Drinking contaminated water causes serious health disorders to us.
Soil pollution is caused by the use of fertilizers, fungicides, herbicides, insecticides and other organic compounds. It indirectly affects our health as we eat eating materials produced in the soil. The source of noise pollution is the noise created from the heavy machinery, vehicles, radio, TV, speaker, etc which causes hearing problems and sometimes deafness. We should take care of our environment to maintain the natural ecosystem. It requires a joint effort from everyone to get control over the pollution so that we can get a healthy and unpolluted environment.
Pollution Essay 12 (400 words)
Environment pollution is the mixing of harmful pollutants into the environment causing disturbance to the natural processes and cycles. Various types of environmental pollution are categorized as the water pollution, air pollution, land pollution and noise pollution. Production of solid and liquid wastes on large scale from the industries, emissions of hazardous gases, deforestation, global warming, and many more problems originated by the human beings are the main reasons of increasing the environmental pollution. In the last one decade, there is a great increase in the level of environmental pollution and scenario has become worse than earlier.
In the whole universe, there is only one planet named earth provides facility of all basic elements required for the life existence. It gives us life and what we give it, pollution. However, it was much better that if we give it nothing but we give it pollution and contamination regularly. As we all live on this planet, we all are highly responsible for the maintenance of the earth. However, we all forget our responsibility and busy in our daily routine and competitions to just fulfill our needs in anyways. Fresh air and clean water are two most basic needs to sustain life but nothing of both is possible in the modern time. It seems that, after some decades here would be no man, no plants, no animals and no life.
All the natural gases in the environment make their balance by reacting each other. Some of them are used as a food by the plants like carbon dioxide. But, just imagine what happened when we start finishing plants. Decreasing number of plants causes less use of carbon dioxide which gets spread into the whole environment and in turn increases environmental temperature level and thus global warming. It again calls many problems and natural calamities like melting glaciers, flood, increasing water level in sea and ocean, and finally destruction of humanity from this planet. Just imagine, only decreasing number of plants may cause such a big problem which is not our only mistake. We are doing lots of such mistakes daily and it should not be a big surprise for us that one day the chance of life existence would be finished on this planet.
Still we have time, the get together effort of all of us may save the earth, environment and the life here. Environmental pollution needs a global level awareness and every one of us needs to understand our all mistakes, causes of pollution, ways to solve the problems created by it and most importantly how to stop the negative environmental changes and environmental pollution.
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